Abstract View

Author(s): Priyanka Chakradhari, Atanu Kumar Pati, Arti Parganiha

Email(s): priyankachakradhari12@gmail.com , akpati19@gmail.com , arti.parganiha@gmail.com

Address: School of Studies in Life Science, Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, India.
Center for Translational Chronobiology, Pandit Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, India.
Emeritus Professor, Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences-Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, India.
Executive Member, Odisha State Higher Education Council, Government of Odisha, Bhubaneswar, India.
*Corresponding Author: arti.parganiha@gmail.com

Published In:   Volume - 37,      Issue - 1,     Year - 2024

DOI: 10.52228/JRUB.2024-37-1-2  

Pit-building behavior in antlion larvae is a unique trait that ensures survival, growth, and metamorphosis. In the present study, we examined the 24-hour rhythm in the pit-building behavior of 16 antlion larvae collected from the PRSU campus, Raipur. We kept each larva individually in a plastic drinking cup in the laboratory. We observed the pit-building behavior of antlion larvae by monitoring two variables, i.e., the time lag for the initiation of pit reconstruction (TLIPR) and total time for pit construction (TTPC) after its demolition over three consecutive days, at four time points each day. We employed single Cosinor Rhythmometry to compute the characteristics of 24-hour rhythm in TLIPR and TTPC. We found a statistically significant 24-hour rhythm in both variables. We found the peaks of TLIPR between 14.32 h and 17.15 h, irrespective of days. Further, the factor 'time of the day' produced a statistically significant effect on the TLIPR and the maximum and minimum values were found at 14.00 h and 02.00 h, respectively. This implies that antlion larvae took time during the afternoon to initiate pit construction. This phenomenon was reversed during nighttime. TTPC exhibited a statistically significant 24-hour rhythm on day 3 and at the group level. We concluded that antlion larvae exhibit a 24-hour rhythm in pit-building behavior and are nocturnal as they initiate pit construction quickly at night.

Cite this article:
Chakradhari, Pati and Parganiha (2024). Time of the Day Variability in Pit-Building Behavior of Antlion Larvae. Journal of Ravishankar University (Part-B: Science), 37(1), pp.22-31. DOI:DOI: https://doi.org/10.52228/JRUB.2024-37-1-2


1.        Krishnan, A., & Kakkassery, F.K. (2016). Statistical analysis of larval and pit size of antlion (Family: Myrmeleontidae) with short notes on its trailing behaviour. International Journal of Science and Research, 5(1), 1728–1731.

2.        Furunishi, S., & Masaki, S. (1982). Seasonal life cycle in two species of ant-lion (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). Japanese journal of ecology, 32, 7–13.

3.    Hauber, M. E. (1999). Variation in pit size of antlion (Myrmeleon carolinus) larvae: The importance of pit construction. Physiological Entomology, 24(1), 37–40.  doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3032.1999.00109.x

4.        Lucas, J.R. (1989). The structure and function of ant lion pits: slope asymmetry and predator-prey interactions. Animal behavior, 38(2), 318–330. doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(89)80093-4

5.      Alcalay, Y., Barkae, E. D., Ovadia, O., & Scharf, I. (2014). Consequences of the instars stage for behavior in a pit-building antlion. Behavioural Processes, 103, 105–111. doi: 10.1016/j.beproc.2013.11.009

6.       Devetak, D., Spernjak, A., & Janzekovic, F. (2005). Substrate particle size affects pit building decision and pit size in the antlion larvae Euroleon nostras (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). Physiological Entomology, 30(2), 158–163. doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3032.2005.00443.x

7.        Lucas, J. R. (1982). The biophysics of pit construction by ant lion larvae (Myrmeleon, Neuroptera). Animal behavior, 30(3), 651–664. doi.org/10.1016/S0003-3472(82)80135-8

8.        Klokočovnik, V., Šorgo, A., & Devetak, D. (2016). Hands-on experiments on predatory behaviour with antlion larvae. Journal of Biological Education, 50(4), 384394. doi.org/10.1080/00219266.2015.1117513

9.    Devetak, D., Podlesnik, J., Scharf, I., & Klenovšek, T. (2020). Fine sand particles enable antlions to build pitfall traps with advanced three-dimensional geometry. Journal of Experimental Biology, 222(15), 01-10, doi/10.1242/jeb.224626.

10.    Day, M. D., & Zalucki, M. P. (2000). Effect of density on spatial distribution, pit formation, and pit diameter of Myrmeleon acer Walker, (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae): patterns and processes. Austral Ecology, 25(1), 58–64. doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-9993.2000.01032.x

11.   Arnett, A. E., & Gotelli, N. J. (2001). Pit-building decisions of larval ant lions: Effects of larval age, temperature, food, and population source. Journal of Insect Behavior, 14, 8997. doi/.10.1023/A:1007853730317

12.     Matsura, T. (1986). The feeding ecology of the pit-making ant lion larva, Myrmeleon bore: Feeding rate and species composition of prey in a habitat. Ecological Research, 1(1), 15–24. doi.org/10.1007/BF02361201

13.    Scharf, I., Subach, A., & Ovadia, O. (2008). Foraging behaviour and habitat selection in pit building antlion larvae in constant light or dark conditions. Animal behavior, 76(6), 2049–2057. doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2008.08.023

14.    Mastura, T., & Takano, H. (1989). Pit relocation of antlion larvae in relation to their density. Researches on Population Ecology volume, 31(2), 225–234. doi.org/10.1007/BF02513203

15.   Scharf, I., Hollender, Y., Subach, A., & Ovadia O. (2008). Effect of spatial pattern and microhabitat on pit construction and relocation in Myrmeleon hyalinus (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae) larvae. Ecological Entomology, 33(3), 337–345. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00967.x

16.     Scharf, I., Golan, B., & Ovadia O. (2009). The effect of sand depth, feeding regime, density, and body mass on the foraging behaviour of a pit-building ant lion. Ecological Entomology, 34(1), 26–33. doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2008.01038.x

17.   Barkae, E.D., Golan, O., & Ovadia O. (2014). Dangerous neighbors: interactive effects of factors influencing cannibalism in pit-building antlion larvae. Behavioral Ecology, 25(6), 1311–1319. doi:10.1093/beheco/aru123

18.     Hollis, K.L., Harrsch, F.A., & Nowbahari, E. (2015). Ants vs. antlions: An insect model for studying the role of learned and hard-wired behavior in co-evolution. Learning and Motivation, 50, 68–82. doi.org/10.1016/j.lmot.2014.11.003

19.  Chandra, K., Majumder, A., Raha, A., & Halder, S. (2014). New records of antlions (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae) from Chhattisgarh, India. Entomology and Applied Science Letters, 1(4), 70–74.

20.     Nelson, W., Tong, Y.L., Lee J.K., & Halberg, F. (1979). Methods for cosinor-rhythmometry. Chronobiology, 6(4), 305–323.

21.     Gupta, S., & Pati, A. K. (1992). Data analysis methodology in chronobiological studies. J Parasitol Appl Anim Bio, 1, 151–163.

22.     Farji – Brener, A.G., Carvajal, D., Gei, M.G., Olano, J., & Sánchez, J.D. (2008). Direct and indirect effects of soil structure on the density of an antlion larva in a tropical dry forest. Ecological Entomology, 33(2), 183–188. doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2007.00948.x

23.   Griffiths, D. (1980). The feeding biology of antlion larvae: Prey capture, handling, and utilization. Journal of Animal Ecology, 49(1,) 99–125. doi.org/10.2307/4279

24.     Stephan, F. K. (2002). The “other” circadian system: food as a zeitgeber. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 17(4), 284–292. doi/pdf/10.1177/074873040201700402

25.   Gepp J, Hölzel H. 1989. Ameisenlöwen und Ameisenjungfern. Myrmeleonidae. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei 589. A. Ziemsen Verlag, Wittenberg Lutherstadt. 108 pp.

26.     Antol A, Rojek W, Miler K, Czarnoleski M. 2018. Thermal dependence of trap building in predatory antlion larvae (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). Journal of Ethology, 36(2), 199–203. doi:10.1007/s10164-018-0540-5.

Related Images:

Recent Images

Herbal Alternatives for Oral Health:  Mechanistic Exploration with their Market Potential
A Review on Extraction, Identification and Application of Pesticidal Active Phytoderived Metabolites
Determination of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) of RO Purified Drinking Water Samples in Raipur
Time of the Day Variability in Pit-Building Behavior of Antlion Larvae
A Comprehensive Review of a particular Skin Injury: Pathogenesis, triggers, and current Treatment Options
Enhanced antioxidant activity in Curcuma caesia Roxb. microrhizomes treated with silver nanoparticles
Studies on the Interaction of Imidazolium Ionic Liquids with Human Serum Albumin
Basic and Advanced Logical Concept Derived from Surface Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy (SEIRS) as Sensing Probe for Analysis of Chemical Species: A Brief Review
Soil Erosion Risk Estimation by using Semi Empirical RUSLE model: A case study of Maniyari Basin, Chhattisgarh
An Estimator of Population Variance Using Multi-Auxiliary Information


Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Surendra G Gattani; Ravina Shete; Sandeep Ambore

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Naman Shukla; K. Anil Kumar; Madhu Allalla; Sanjay Tiwari

DOI: 10.52228/JRUB.2022-35-1-2         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Srishti Verma; Visheshta Valvi; Kamlesh Kumar Shukla

DOI: 10.52228/JRUB.2022-35-1-6         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): AR Sood and RC Rathor

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Rashmi Swami; Sanjay Tiwari

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): D.K. Sen; S. Bhushan

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): R.Singh; U.C. Singh

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Armiya Sultan; Saba Taj; Vivek Choudhary; Arti Parganiha

DOI: 10.52228/JRUB.2017-30-1-14         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): SK Jadhav; A K Pati; M L Naik; Afaque Quraishi; Shashi Bhushan; Dinesh k Sharma; Chumpeshwar K Nishad

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): R. Sirmour; M.L. Naik; M.P. Goutam

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): R. Sridhar; U.C. Singh

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): JK Nandagawe; PK Patil; RD Lawangar-Pawer

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Author(s): Jitendra Kumar Sharma;Sanjay Tiwari;Vivek Kant Jogi;Rajesh Kumar Awasthy

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More