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Author(s): Manisha Chandrakar, V. K. Patle

Email(s): manishachandrkar00@gmail.com , patlevinod@gmail.com

Address: School of Studies in Computer Science and IT, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.
School of Studies in Computer Science and IT, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.
*Corresponding Author: manishachandrkar00@gmail.com

Published In:   Volume - 36,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2023

DOI: 10.52228/JRUB.2023-36-2-2  

Various sensor nodes whose deployment is done in a random way are included in Wireless sensor networks (WSN) within a region for gathering the information out of the respective atmospheres as well as forwards it towards the Base Station (BS). Constrained sources of energy are allotted to the WSN nodes. The consumption of energy of nodes must be reduced for obtaining the enhanced lifetime of the network. Clustering is referred as a technique that reduced the consumption of energy in WSNs. By transmitting the gathered data to the sink through the Cluster Head (CH) nodes located within the clustered networks, the energy of the node can be saved. In WSNs, fault tolerance is a significant issue to consider. The entire data communication system can be rendered inoperable by the failure of just one cluster head. Within the scope of this research, a cluster-based routing method with fault tolerance is provided. The purpose of this study is to present an innovative technique for increasing tolerance of failure and data accumulation in clustered WSN by making use of backup CHs and improving the relay node selection mechanism by modifying ACO. The selection of the backup cluster head is what allows for fault tolerance in this case (BKCH). The method can be broken down into two distinct stages. In the first step, the network is categorized into clusters; in the second step, CHs and BCHs are chosen from the pool of candidates. Communication within the cluster takes place between the member nodes and the CH nodes. Aggregator nodes (AG) are utilised for the purpose of inter-cluster communication, and the modified ACO is utilised to determine which node serves as the most effective relay between CH and AG. When compared with other energy-conserving protocols, this technique uses less energy while increasing fault resilience and PDR.

Cite this article:
Manisha Chandrakar; V. K. Patle (2023). Enhanced ACO in clustering algorithm for QoS in WSN enabled IoT. Journal of Ravishankar University (Part-B: Science), 36(2), pp. 19-34.DOI: https://doi.org/10.52228/JRUB.2023-36-2-2


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