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Author(s): Tarun Kumar Patel

Email(s): tarun_rgh@yahoo.co.in

Address: Department of Biotechnology, Sant Guru Ghasidas Government P.G. College, Kurud, District-Dhamtari (C.G.)
*Corresponding Author: tarun_rgh@yahoo.co.in

Published In:   Volume - 36,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2023

DOI: 10.52228/JRUB.2023-36-2-8  

ABSTRACT:
Insect pests pose significant challenges to agricultural productivity and crop yield worldwide. Conventional pest control methods, such as chemical pesticides, have limitations and adverse environmental effects. Therefore, there is a growing need for sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives in pest management. This review explores the potential of entomopathogenic fungi as a promising biological control agent for insect pests in agriculture. The review begins by providing an overview of entomopathogenic fungi and their significancce. These fungi possess unique mechanisms to infect and kill insect pests. The mode of action involves attachment of fungal spores to the insect's cuticle, followed by penetration, colonization, and release of toxic metabolites within the host. Various factors influence the efficacy of entomopathogenic fungi, including environmental conditions, insect host susceptibility, and formulation/application methods. The benefits of entomopathogenic fungi as biological control agents are discussed, including their compatibility with integrated pest management (IPM) strategies and minimal impact on non-target organisms. However, challenges exist in scaling up their commercial application. The review presents case studies showcasing successful field applications of entomopathogenic fungi in pest management. Future prospects and research directions are identified, emphasizing the importance of continued advancements in understanding the interactions between entomopathogenic fungi and insect pests. Regulatory frameworks and public acceptance are crucial for the widespread adoption of these fungi in agriculture. In conclusion, entomopathogenic fungi offer immense potential as sustainable and effective tools for biological control of insect pests in agriculture. Their ability to target specific pests, compatibility with IPM, and minimal environmental impact make them a viable alternative to chemical pesticides. Further research, collaboration, and implementation are necessary to fully harness the potential of entomopathogenic fungi in integrated pest management strategies.

Cite this article:
Tarun Kumar Patel (2023). Entomopathogenic Fungi: Nature's Secret Weapon Against Agricultural Pests. Journal of Ravishankar University (Part-B: Science), 36(2), pp. 109-125.DOI: https://doi.org/10.52228/JRUB.2023-36-2-8


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