SK Jadhav, AK Pati, ML Naik, Afaque Quraishi, Chumpeshwar K Nishad, Dinesh K Sharma, Shashi Bhushan
National Centre for Natural Resources, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur 492 010, India.
Volume - 29,
Issue - 1,
Year - 2016
Chhattisgarh state is spread from 17'.46' to 24'S'N and 80'.15' to 84'.24' E. The state experiences hot humid to hot sub humid climate. Sarguja and Bastar districts are dotted with high plateaus rising to more than 1200mts, valleys, several smaller hills and plains. In these districts very dense to open forests, grazing lands, fallow land and cultivated fields are the habitat of mushrooms. There are mainly three types of forests in the state, namely: sal (Shorea robusta), teak (Tectona grandis) and mixed. Present study was aimed to document i) plants which have been found to be very rare within the area of the state; however and i) mushrooms growing in the forests of these districts. The rare plants are rare in the districts, surveyed but, may or may not be rare and/or endangered at the national level. Some of the rare plants recorded during the present study are: Sterculia urens (Kullu). Streptocaulon sylvestre, Psoralea corylifolia (Bawchi). Cordia mcleodii (Dahiman), Puereria tuberosa (Patal Kumhra) etc. Some of these plants definitely are of medicinal value like for ailments like: Cardiac diseases, Rheumatoid arthritis ete. Degradation of the forests, invasion by the alien, invasive plants and overexploitation of such medicinal plants are threatening the survival of already rare medicinal plants, in the state. Mushrooms, recorded from the forests of the districts, surveyed presently are mycorrhizal, parasitic, termitomyses, entemofagus and saprophytes. Many of the wild species of mushrooms are edible some of the non-edible forms are highly toxic while some of the non-edible forms have medicinal values. Most important mycorrhizal mushroom is Aestreus hygrometricus, a highly priced mycorrhizal mushroom associated with the most important tree species of the state, the sal (Shorea robusta). The present study has been made to document the edible and non-edible mushrooms of the Surguja and Bastar districts of the state, as far as possible.
Cite this article:
Jadhav, Pati, Naik, Quraishi, Nishad, Sharma and Bhushan (2016). Mushrooms and Rare Plants of Surguja and Bastar Districts of Chhattisgarh State. Journal of Ravishankar University (Part-B: Science), 29(1), pp.128-129.