Folk medicine is considered as a treatment given by folk practitioners, secrets of which are passed down through oral traditions It has been found that folk preparations have surprisingly high curative value, hence a large proportion of population from developing countries still rely on folk medicine to satisfy their primary health care needs. Medicinal plants continue to be an important therapeutic aid for alleviating ailment of humankind. The value of medicinal plants to human livelihood is essentially infinite. Patalkot valley is spread over on area from 22 24'to 22'.29' north; 78" 43' to 78 50' east. The place is located at a distance of 72 K.M. From the district headquarter in the north-west direction and 23 km from Tamia in north east direction. It is famous for its forest wealth and primitive tribes of which Bharia and Gond and prominent from ethno botanical point of view. An ethno botanical survey of Patalkot about naturally growing and frequently used medicinal plants were collected. The collection of only 48 plants species have been highly priority for conservation. These plants are used on herbal treatment for common ailments and disease and other material culture. These plants are. Aegle marmelos, Alangium salvifolium, Amaranthus viridis, Amorphophala canpanulatur, Bacopa monnieri, Boswellia serrat, Butea monasperma, Bauhinia purpuria, Bauhinia vahli, Buchanania lanzan Spreng, Calotropis procera, Curculigo orchioides, Cnodon dactylon, Datura metel, Diospyros melanoxrylon, Dillenia pentagyna L, Dillenia indica L., Dendrocalamus strictus, Emblica officinalis, Euphorbia nerifolia, Gloriosa superb, Gymnems ylvestre, Lawsonia inermis, Asparagus racemosus, Ficus bengalensis, Fracemosa, F. religiosa, Madhuca indica var, latifolia Mangifera indica Moringa oleifera, Murraya koenigi, Ocimum sanctum, Panicum miliaceum, Pterocarpus marsupium. Paspalum scrobiculatum. Pongamia pinnata, Schleichera oleosa, Semecarpus anacardium, Shorea robusta, Sphaeranthus indicus L, Soymida febrifuga (Roxb.)A. juss, Ricins communis, Terminalia alata, T. bellirica, T. tomentosa, Tribulus terrestrit Zea maize etc. A few decades back the medicinal plant was very common in this area but due to its heavy demand, the natural population is decreasing at an upsetting rate. The medicinal plants have become almost wiped out in these parts. The study purpose to local people should encourage for conservation.
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